Unarguably, brain (medically known as encephalon) is the part of the human body that makes them human. It is the largest organ in terms of weight (circa 1.5 kg) and acts as the command centre of the entire nervous system by receiving inputs from various sensory organs and processing apropos outputs accordingly. Although, from outside it looks like a regular mammal brain, its intricacy lies within it. The significant difference of human brain with that of the other vertebrates is that the cerebrum part of a human brain consumes almost 85% of its total volume.

Nevertheless, even with this rapid advancement in science and technology, still there are parts of human brain that are still obfuscated. According to the available data so far, the entire cerebral system can roughly be categorised into two segments – 1) Autonomic system and 2) Reflective system.

The former system deals with the involuntary (or reflexive) responses. For example, when you see someone throwing something to you all on a sudden, you either duck or extend your hand to catch the object. The latter system deals with the voluntary responses where you give some cogitation before executing the action. Basically, system 2 controls your will power and deals with the focus related issues.

In this article, a few things about the focusing mechanism of the human brain and a few beneficial tips regarding this matter will be discussed.

The Science behind Distraction:  

When we talk about focus, the topic of distraction is bound to appear. We come across a multitude of distractions everyday of various different kinds. The animosity between distraction and concentration has been going on since the commencement of human life. According to neuroscience, the system 2 i.e. the reflective system of our brain fights with distraction and helps us to keep focus on something. Distraction can also be broadly categorised into

Sensory distraction:

These are the distractions caused by the sensory organs like eyes, nose, skin etc. Visual, auditory, manual, various other distractions fall into this category.

Emotional distraction:

This is also known as cognitive distraction where the emotional state of a person comes into play. This distraction gradually occurs after certain events such as losing a beloved family member or other pivotal life events.   

Getting Rid of Distractions and Staying Focussed:

There are several ways to strengthen the reflective system of your brain to fight both cognitive and sensory distractions. They are as follows –


It is the most important weapon in your arsenal for fighting distraction. There are myriads of benefits that you can get from meditation including introspection about yourself, discovering the unknown places of your mind, and of course the power of concentrating on something for a significant period of time. You will be able to figure out the time when your concentration is drifting and control them even when you are mot meditating with regular practice. 

Doing something you love:

Everyone has a certain metier and a field of interest where they can spend hours by just doing that particular activity. According to many neuroscientists, doing what you love to do for a certain period of time helps to increase your concentration for other works as well. So, if you like to read something or doing something creative, it can be a very helpful option to get rid of your distractions.

Stopping multitasking:

In the modern corporate and business world, sometimes you are forced to execute multiple tasks simultaneously. Although, multitasking requires certain skills but it effectively affects your focus and reduces your IQ to a significant extent because your concentration gets interspersed among many matters. Therefore, stopping multitasking or reducing it to some extent could be very helpful to maintain your focus on something.

Being selective:

Think of your brain as a hard drive that has a certain storage space and that storage space is colossal but obviously not illimitable. So, in lieu of crowding your encephalon with unnecessary data and information, it is better to be selective about what you want to imbibe. Being selective about your input process helps to increase your focus greatly.

Taking breaks:

Like every other organs of your body, your brain also needs rest. So, it is of utmost importance to take a break from all the clamouring activities in your workplace and the vicious grasp of technological devices. Surrendering yourself to the nature would help you to clear your mind for a while and eventually help you to focus on your work.

The SMART Approach for Augmenting Focus:

SMART is the acronym for Strategic Memory Advanced Reasoning Training. Selecting this particular approach can be very advantageous for you if you have problems while focusing because this unique program comes with –

Strategic attention:

It refers to the idea of eliminating unnecessary distractions, information, and the tendency of multitasking and focusing on topics one at a time instead.


Integration helps you ‘zoom in’ as well as ‘zoom out’ on a particular matter. When you zoom in, the rest becomes irrelevant to you and you commit your hundred percent to the subject. Integrative reasoning also helps you to sharpen your cognitive tools to strategise properly.


SMART also provides you the mental flexibility which allows you to respect other’s opinions and individual vantage points and improve your decision making process along with determining the area of focussing.

Benefits of Staying Focussed:

Staying focussed to a particular subject or topic for a long period of time provides you with numerous competitive advantages such as –

Being more in control:

A focussed mind inevitably provides you more control over your mind and the project or topic you are working on.

Increasing problem solving skill:

Proper amount of focus will help you to summon the necessary knowledge and cognisance required to solve a particular problem, no matter how intricate it is, in a fairly quick time.

Improving decision making process:

People get ambivalent and make doltish decisions when they lack focus. An improved focussing ability would bring clarity and positivity to your mind which will eventually lead to appropriate decision making.

A focussed mind has always been the route to success and it still is. Ergo, if you want to achieve bona fide satisfaction and success, you need to stay focussed on your goal and chase your dream until it finally comes true.